About the Project

Beliefs, Values and Practices

Impact of Migration

Barriers and Support

Resource Centre

Research Report

       Culturally Responsive Resources

We hope that these materials will be used to initiate further discussion on the issues that we have introduced - both amongst service providers and parents themselves. We all need to continue to share attachment practices and our experiences with the factors that influence them, in order to learn from each other. The lessons we learn need to be applied to overall programming and service delivery, to benefit all the parents we serve.

This is the series of three posters that was developed based on the findings of the project. The poster series has been designed to validate what parents are already doing and to provide information on the meaning and significance of attachment for their children’s current and future well-being. A thousand copies of the series have been distributed to agencies across Canada. Unfortunately supplies were limited and there are currently no additional copies available for distribution. Please feel free to download, print, and/or to make copies of the following:

Poster thumbnail Poster thumbnail Poster thumbnail
Click on any image to view a large version
(estimated download time 15 sec. on 28.8 modem)

Fact Sheets

      • Breastfeeding and Attachment
      • Breastfeeding, Culture and Attachment
      • Carrying, Culture and Attachment
      • Culture Shock
      • Sleeping, Culture and Attachment
      • Touch, Culture & Attachment
      • Surviving Trauma


    • English
    • Chinese
    • French
    • Somali
    • Spanish
    • Tamil
    • Urdu

    Early Love

    Breast Engorgement

    Comfort Measures During Labour

    Mom's Body After Birth

    Newborn Babies Needs

    Newborn Babies "What People Worry About"

    What to take to the Hospital

This web-site and a print toolkit have been developed, containing concrete resources for the use of service providers in community, health and social service agencies, in supporting parents to maintain effective attachment practices.

    1. Attachment Across Cultures
    2. Beliefs, Values, and Practices
    3. Impact of Migration
    4. Maintaining Effective Practices

I. Attachment Across Cultures

Program Support

There are no Canadian print program support materials other than this toolkit available on Cross-Cultural Attachment. There are also no Canadian training courses currently available on Cross-Cultural Attachment. The following is a list of sources of training on attachment.

Crisci, Kussin and Mayer, Consultation, Counselling and Training
1881 Yonge Street, Suite 614
Toronto, ON M4S 3C4
Tel: (416) 480-1611 Email: [email protected]|
Fax: (416) 480-2922 Web-site: www.ckmconsultation.com

Crisci, Kussin and Mayer, Consultation, Counselling and Training, consists of three social workers in a unique group private practice. Geraldine Crisci, Annette Kussin and Nancy Mayer have combined their many years of experience and knowledge to offer excellent services in counselling, consultation and training. Since their opening in 1997, they have provided training to many organizations in Toronto, Ontario, and Canada. They offer their own training program and training designed for other agencies. They are known and respected in the community for their counselling services, particularly related to trauma and attachment. They are also able to meet a variety of training, consultation and counselling needs because of their individual expertise and interest.

Infant Mental Health Promotion Project (IMP)
c/o Department of Psychiatry
The Hospital for Sick Children
555 University Ave.
Toronto, ON M5G 1X8
Tel: (416) 813-6062 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 813-5326 Web-site: www.sickkids.on.ca/imp

The Infant Mental Health Promotion Project (IMP): designs and runs innovative training programs for service providers from different disciplines; develops teaching materials and information on infant development and parent-child relationships; offers information and support to service providers; and develops models and training for community workers in the use of innovative, practical interventions for infants and their families.

Right from the Start: An Attachment-Based Course for Parents
Right from the Start is an eight-week parent-training course, using attachment theory as a framework, to enhance caregiver skills in reading infant cues and responding sensitively. The course also incorporates current wisdom about parent training, adult education, and large group processes. The primary goal of Right from the Start is to improve parent-child interaction in order to foster infant attachment security. Group participation and networking opportunities are also expected to have a positive impact on parent functioning. For more information contact the Infant Mental Health Promotion Project (IMP) at the above address.

Theory and Research

Bowlby, J. 1969/1982. Attachment and Loss: Vol. 1. Attachment.
New York, NY: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. 1973. Attachment and Loss: Vol. 2. Separation.
New York, NY: Basic Books.

Bowlby, J. 1980. Attachment and Loss: Vol. 3. Loss.
New York, NY: Basic Books.

Cassidy, J and Shaver, PR, eds. 1999. Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications.
New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Franktman, MG. 1998. Immigrant Mothers. What Makes Them High Risk? In CG, Coll, JL. Surrey and K. Weingarten, eds. Mothering Against The Odds: Diverse Voices of Contemporary Mothers.
New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Harwood, RL, Miller, JG and Irizarry, NL. 1995 Culture and Attachment: Perceptions of the Child In Context.
New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Levy, TM and Deans, M. 1998. Attachment, Trauma and Healing. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.

McCain, MN and Mustard, JF. 1999. Early Years Study: Final Report.

Reebye, PN, Ross, SE, and Jamieson, K. 1999. A Review of the Literature on the Development of Attachment Theory and the Study of Cross-Cultural Practices Influencing Attachment.


A Simple Gift: Comforting your baby. 10 min.

A Simple Gift: Comforting Your Baby is a unique Canadian videotape which provides specific well-researched information about the importance of the infant's attachment relationship with parents in the first year of life. The information is presented in clear, easy-to-understand language with examples of when and how to respond to an infant's distress in order to promote a baby's trust and confidence to explore the world. The video has been carefully prepared by a team of experts in the field of child development and parent-child attachment in order to foster optimal parenting.

Order from:
Infant Mental Health Promotion Project (IMP)
c/o Department of Psychiatry
The Hospital for Sick Children
555 University Ave.
Toronto, ON M5G 1X8
Tel: (416) 813-6062 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 813-5326 Web-site: www.sickkids.on.ca/imp

Sources of Additional Information and Support

Canadian Institute for Child Health
Suite 300, 384 Bank Street
Ottawa, ON K2P 1Y4
Tel: (613) 230-8838 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (613) 230-6654 Web-site: www.cich.ca

The Institute is an organization concerned with improving children's health and well-being. The organization works to ensure that this goal is met through many publications and resources for parents and health professionals. The organization's web-site includes a resource and publication catalogue concerning children's health, development and environments.

Child and Family Canada
Email: [email protected]
Web-site: www.cfc-efc.ca

Child and Family Canada is a unique Canadian public education web-site. Fifty-two Canadian non-profit organizations have come together under the banner of Child and Family Canada to provide quality, credible resources on children and families on an easy-to-navigate web-site. Includes a Virtual Library.

Global Childnet
Email: [email protected]
Web-site: http://edie.cprost.sfu.ca/gcnet/index.html

An organization that uses the Internet to offer a range of easily accessible, child health related, on-line services. These services include databases and other information on issues related to the well-being of the world's children.

The Hincks-Dellcrest Centre/Institute
440 Jarvis Street
Toronto, Ontario M4Y 1E1
Tel: (416) 924-1164 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 924-8208 Web-site: www.hincksdellcrest.org

The Hincks-Dellcrest Centre is dedicated to promoting optimal mental health in infants, children, youth and their families, and to contributing to the achievement of healthy communities. Their broad range of services includes prevention, early intervention, out-patient services, day treatment, residential treatment and mandated services. These services are enriched by their activities in research, program evaluation, the education and training of mental health professionals and the use of volunteers. The Hincks-Dellcrest Institute, a sister organization of the Centre established in 1986, is dedicated to helping develop the body of knowledge in the field of child, youth and family mental health, and provides advanced, post-specialty training for children's mental health professionals. As a resource to the broader community, the Institute has established both a national and international sphere of influence.

Invest in Kids
Invest in Kids Foundation
439 University Avenue
18th Floor
Toronto, ON M5G 1Y8
Tel: (416) 977-1222 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 977-9655 Web-site: www.investinkids.ca
Toll Free: 1-877-583-KIDS

Invest in Kids is a not-for-profit foundation dedicated to the healthy social, emotional, and intellectual development of children aged zero to five. They are working through research, public education and awareness, and training, to provide the skills Canadians need to positively influence the emotional, social, and cognitive development of our youngest children.

Voices for Children
3 Rowanwood Avenue
Toronto, ON M4W 1Y5
Tel: 416-413-0301 Email: [email protected]
Fax: 416-413-1012 Web-site: www.voices4children.org

Voices for Children connects people with knowledge and organizations with each other. The focus of their work with organizations is to increase organizational capacity to address issues comprehensively and collaboratively. Voices for Children connects people with knowledge by making current, expert knowledge about what to do for children available, accessible and applicable.

II. Beliefs, Values, and Practices

Program Support

Cline, K. 1999. Chinese Massage for Infants and Children: Traditional Techniques for Alleviating Colic, Teething Pain, Earache and Other Common Childhood Conditions. Inner Traditions International, Ltd.

Granju, KA, and Kennedy, B. 1999. Attachment Parenting.
New York, NY: Pocket Books.

Lawrence, RA. 1989. Psychologic bonding. In Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession (3rd Edition). Mosby, USA.

Leboyer, F. 1997. Loving Hands: The Traditional Art of Baby Massage. Newmarket Press.

McClure VS. 1989. Infant Massage - A Handbook for Loving Parents. Bantam Books.

Priya, JV. 1992. Birth Traditions and Modern Pregnancy Care, Rockport, MA: Element, Inc.

Sears, W, and Sears, M. 1993. The Baby Book: Everything You Need to Know About Your Baby - From Birth to Age Two. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Co.

Warder-Morrison, N, Anderson, J, and Richardson, E. 1990. Cross Cultural Caring: A Handbook for Health Professionals in Western Canada. Vancouver, BC: University of BC Press.

Theory and Research

Agnew T, Gilmore J, and Sullivan P. 1997. A Multicultural Perspective of Breastfeeding in Canada. Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada.

Coulter, J. 1999. Benefits of Massage for Infants and Mothers. IMPrint. 25 (Fall): 6-9.

Harkness, S. and Super, CM. 1996. Parents' Cultural Belief Systems: Their Origins, Expressions, and Consequences. New York, NY: Guilford Publications.

Small, M.F. 1998. Our Babies, Ourselves: How Biology and Culture Shape the Way We Parent. New York, NY: Anchor Books.

Okun, BF. 1998. Understanding Diverse Families: What Practitioners Need to Know. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Macrae, NC, Stangor, C, and Hewstone, M. 1996. Stereotypes and Stereotyping. New York, NY: Guilford Publications


The Importance of Touch: A Step-by-Step Guide to Infant Massage and Touch in Labor and Infancy: A Clinical Monograph for the Healthcare Professional

Order from:
Johnson and Johnson Information Centre
Consumer and Professional Relations Department
890 Woodlawn Road West
Guelph, ON N1K 1A5
Tel: 1 800 361-8068
Fax: (519) 826-6205

Gentle Touch(r) Infant Massage. Emma Miller. 47 min.

Order from:
Gentle Touch Warehouse
1891 Goodyear Avenue, Suite 622
Ventura, CA 93003
Tel: (805) 644-9272
Toll Free Phone: 1 888 448-9489 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (805) 644-7699 Web-site: www.iaim-us.com

Baby Massage: A Video for Loving Parents. Elly Leduc, R.N., CIMI. 65 minutes.

This video is based on Vimala McClure's book, Infant Massage: A Handbook for Loving Parents. It demonstrates all of the strokes that a caregiver would learn in five class sessions from a certified instructor. It shows the entire Infant Massage routine as well as a quiet, inspirational massage with Elly Leduc, R.N., CIMI and an older infant who was massaged in an orphanage in Calcutta from birth until adoption at four months.

Order from:
Gentle Touch Warehouse
1891 Goodyear Avenue, Suite 622
Ventura, CA 93003
Tel: (805) 644-9272
Toll Free Phone: 1 888 448-9489 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (805) 644-7699 Web-site: www.iaim-us.com

Sources of Additional Information and Support

International Association of Infant Massage - Canadian Chapter
1309 Parc du Village St
Orleans, ON K1C 7B2
Tel: (613) 830-6690 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (613) 830-8611 Web-site: http://wellnet.ca/iaim-can.htm

The International Association of Infant Massage is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to promote nurturing touch and communication through training, education and research so that parents, caregivers and children are loved, valued and respected throughout the world community.

Regional Representatives

Eastern Ontario - Judy Denney, (613) 825-4537, [email protected]
Edmonton - Angela Rosenburg, (780) 432-0731, [email protected]
Calgary - Linda Spath, (403) 283-8491.
British Columbia - Janet Alred, (604) 224-5354, [email protected]
Quebec - Lynn Proulx, (613) 833-1779.
Winnipeg - Trish Nyenylk, (204) 942-8496
Oshawa - Riassa Chernushenko, (905) 782-0957

La Leche League Canada
La Leche League Canada
P.O. Box 29
18C Industrial Drive
Chesterville, ON K0C 1H0
Tel: (613) 448-1842 E-mail: [email protected]
Fax: (613) 448-1845 Web-site: www.igs.net/~laleche

La Leche League International is an international, nonprofit, nonsectarian organization dedicated to providing education, information, support, and encouragement to women who want to breastfeed. Here are phone numbers for La Leche Leaders all across Canada.

Atlantic Canada (902) 835-5522 Regina (306) 584-5600
Montreal (English) (514) 842-4781 Lethbridge (403) 381-7718
Montreal (French) (514) 525-3243 Calgary (403) 242-0277
Ottawa (613) 238-5919 Edmonton (780) 478-0507
Toronto (416) 483-3368 Vancouver (604) 736-3244
Hamilton (905) 385-6500 Victoria (250) 727-4384
Winnipeg (204) 257-3509 National Office 1 800 665-4324

WABA - World Association for Breastfeeding Action
PO Box 1200
10850 Penang, Malaysia
Tel: 604-658-4816 Email: [email protected]
Fax: 604-657-2655 Web-site: www.waba.org.br

WABA is a global network of organizations and individuals who believe breastfeeding is the right of all children and mothers, and who dedicate themselves to protect, promote and support this right. Their web-site includes a photo gallery of breastfeeding around the world, good links to breastfeeding from all over the world, and information on breastfeeding in seven other languages (Chinese, German, Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish).

III. Impact of Migration

Program Support

Gruno V, Stoevel S. 1997. A workbook for community planning: Helping communities work together to help newcomers. Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Network Committee to Assist Survivors of War and Torture. Understanding the Unspoken Pain, an Awareness for Providing Initial Assistance to Survivors of War and Torture. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Mental Health Association.

Price, K, Ed. 1995. Community Support for Survivors of Torture:
A Manual
. Toronto, ON: Canadian Centre for Victims of Torture.

Wastie, S. 1994. Supporting Families at Risk for Language Loss. Interaction. Summer.

People Oriented Planning

POP (People Oriented Planning) is a training course developed by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in 1989. POP is a highly participatory two-day training course. It consists of introducing an analytical framework which is a tool for understanding the inter-relationships between new arrivals' social and economic roles and the changes in these roles created by leaving their home country, fleeing to a country of asylum and eventually settling in Canada. Understanding these factors assists sponsor groups and service providers to plan the most appropriate interventions to support newcomer integration and hopefully avoids costly mistakes. Following the introduction of the framework, several case studies are presented which give opportunity to discuss a variety of issues facing newcomers in small and large discussion groups.

For more information, please contact:
Jasmina Stebelsky
POP Project Co-ordinator
Tel: (613) 520-2600, ext. 1137 E-mail: [email protected]
Fax: (613) 520-3676

Theory and Research

Beiser, M, Hou, F, Hyman, I and Tousignant, M. 1998. Growing Up Canadian: A Study of New Immigrant Children. Applied Research Branch. Human Resource Development Canada.

Beiser, M. Shik, A., and Curyk, M. 1999. New Canadian Children And Youth Study Literature Review. Health Canada.

Canadian Council on Social Development. The Progress of Canada's Children, 1999/2000.

Hanvey, L and Kunz, JL. 2000. Immigrant Youth in Canada. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Council on Social Development.

Health Canada. 1999. Canadian Research on Immigration and Health: An Overview. Ottawa, ON: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada.

Herman, JL. 1992. Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence from Domestic Abuse to Political Terror. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Van der Kolk, BA, McFarlane, AC, and Weisaeth, L. 1996. Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Williams, CL, and Westermeyer, J. 1986. Refugee Mental Health in Resettlement Countries. Washington, DC: Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.


Walk A Mile: The Immigrant Experience in Canada. A Multimedia Training Package
Citizenship and Immigration Canada. 2000. Burnaby, BC: Open Learning Agency

Order from:
Web-site: www.walkamilecanada.com
Tel: (604) 431-3210 or 1-800-663-1653

Also available on loan from:
Westcoast Multicultural and Diversity Services

Multicultural Canada. 1991. 25 min.
Written and produced by: Cathy Miller
Consultant and Teacher's Notes by: Dawn Gordon, Race Relations Consultant

Order from:
Unit C, 9005 Centaurus Circle
Burnaby, BC V3J 7N4
Tel: (604) 420-3066
Fax: (604) 420-3095

Also available on loan from:
Westcoast Multicultural and Diversity Services

Essential Connections: Ten Keys to Culturally Sensitive Child Care. 1993
Far West Laboratory Centre for Child and Family Studies

Order from:
Bureau of Publications, Sales Unit
California Department of Education
PO Box 271 Sacramento, CA 95802-0271
Tel: (916) 445-1260

Also available on loan from:
Westcoast Multicultural and Diversity Services

Sources of Additional Information and Support

Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies (AMSSA), BC
385 South Boundary Road
Vancouver, BC V5K 4S1
Tel: (604) 718-2777 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (604) 298-0747 Web-site: www.amssa.org

The Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies (AMSSA) of British Columbia is a coalition of over 80 organizations providing multicultural programs and immigrant settlement services throughout the Province of British Columbia. AMSSA believes in a just and equitable society which values Canada's cultural diversity.

Canadian Council for Refugees
6839 Drolet #302
MontrŽal, QuŽbec, H2S 2T1
Phone: (514) 277-7223 E-mail: [email protected]
Fax: (514) 277-1447 Web-site: www.web.net/~ccr

The Canadian Council for Refugees is a non-profit umbrella organization committed to the rights and protection of refugees in Canada and around the world and to the settlement of refugees and immigrants in Canada. The membership is made up of organizations involved in the settlement, sponsorship and protection of refugees and immigrants. The Council serves the networking, information-exchange and advocacy needs of its membership.

Canadian Race Relations Foundation
4576 Yonge Street, Suite 701
Toronto, ON M2N 6N4
Tel: 1-416-952-3500 Email: [email protected]
Toll-free no.: 1-888-240-4936 Web-site: www.crr.ca
Fax: 1-416-952-3326
Toll-free fax: 1-888-399-0333

The Canadian Race Relations Foundation aims to help bring about a more harmonious Canada that acknowledges its racist past, recognizes the pervasiveness of racism today, and is committed to creating a future in which all Canadians are treated equitably and fairly.

Changing Together...A Centre for Immigrant Women
#103, 10010 - 107 A Ave
Edmonton, AB T5H 4H8
Tel: (780) 421-0175 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (780) 426-2225 Web-site: www.icrossroads.com/~changing

Founded in 1984, Changing Together is a non-profit, charitable organization operated by immigrant women for immigrant women. Their mission is to help Edmonton and area immigrant women and their families overcome personal and systemic barriers that keep them from participating fully in Canadian Society.

Cultural Profiles Project
AMNI Centre
Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto
246 Bloor St. W., Rm. 100
Toronto, ON M5S 1A1
Tel: (416) 946-3699 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 978-7072 Web-site: www.cwr.utoronto.ca/cultural

Each cultural profile provides an overview of life and customs in the profiled country. While the profile provides insight into some customs, it does not cover all facets of life, and the customs described may not apply in equal measure to all newcomers from the profiled country. Each profile is available in hard copy, and via the web-site.

Web-site: http://integration-net.cic.gc.ca/

Integration-Net was created by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) as a communications, information and research tool to support the work of the Canadian settlement community. It also provides a means to develop both a national and international exchange of information and ideas about best practices on integration strategies and programs in order to share and learn from the experience of others.

Metropolis International
Web-site: www.international.metropolis.net
Canadian web-site: www.canada.metropolis.net

The International Metropolis Project is a set of coordinated activities carried out by a membership of research and policy organizations who share a vision of strengthened immigration policy by means of applied academic research. The project is dedicated to creating an active network of researchers and decision makers and providing all levels of government, community organizations and business with solid information on which to anchor policy ideas and programs.

The Ontario Coalition of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI)
110 Eglinton Ave. W., Suite 200
Toronto, ON M4R 1A3
Tel: (416) 322-4950 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 322-8084 Web-site: www.ocasi.org

OCASI was formed in 1978 to act as a collective voice for immigrant serving agencies and to coordinate response to shared needs and concerns. OCASI is a registered charity governed by a volunteer board of directors. Its membership is comprised of more than 100 community-based organizations in the province of Ontario.

World Education Services-Canada
45 Charles Street East, Suite 700
Toronto, ON M4Y 1S2
Tel: (416) 972-0070 E-mail: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 972-9004 Web-site: www.wes.org
Toll-free no.: 1-866-343- 0070

World Education Services (WES) is a not for profit organization dedicated to providing accurate and reliable assessments of academic credentials earned outside Canada and the United States. Its mission is to facilitate the integration of foreign-trained individuals into the employment and education environment of their new country.

IV. Maintaining Effective Practices

Children's Books

Here is a list of children's books that reflect the experience of immigrants and/or refugees.

Gilmore, R. 1988. A Gift For Gita. Toronto, ON: Second Story Press.

Munsch, R. 1995. From Far Away. Toronto, ON: Annick Press.

Adoff, A. 1992. Black is Brown is Tan. HarperCollins Publishers.

Johnson, A. 1992. Tell Me a Story, Mama. New York, NY: Orchard Books.

Ajmera, M, and Anna Versola, R. Children from Australia to Zimbabwe. A photographic Journey Around the World. Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge Publishing.

Milord, S. 1992. Hands Around the World. Williamson Publishing.

Carpenter, S. 1997. Bounce Me, Tickle Me, Hug Me. Lap Rhymes and Play Rhymes from Around the World. Toronto, ON: The Parent-Child Mother Goose Program.

Bernhard, E. and Bernhard, D. 1996. A Ride on Mother's Back: A Day of Baby Carrying Around the World, New York, NY: Gulliver Books/Harcourt Brace and Company.

Kens-Douglas, R. 1992. The Nutmeg Princess, Toronto, ON: Annick Press Ltd.

Cummings, P. 1998. My Aunt Came Back. Toronto, ON: HarperCollins Canada.

Program Support

Ad Hoc Committee on Parenting in a Culturally Diverse Society. 1995. Parenting in a Culturally Diverse Society: A Manual for Facilitators. Ottawa, ON: Children's Aid Society of Ottawa-Carleton.

Bernhard, JK, Lefebvre, ML, Ghud, G, Lange, R. 1995. Paths to Equity: Cultural, Linguistic and Racial Diversity in Canadian Early Childhood Education. Toronto, ON: York Lanes Press.

Brown, D. 1998. Mama's Little Baby: The Black Woman's Guide to pregnancy, childbirth, and baby's first year.
New York, NY: Plume Books.

Changing Together...A Centre for Immigrant Women. Family Life and the Law in Canada. A Workshop Manual Dedicated to the Prevention of Violence Within Immigrant Families. Edmonton, AB.

Chud, G, and Fahlman, R. 1985. Early Childhood Education for a Multicultural Society: A Handbook for Educators. Vancouver, BC: Pacific Educational Press.

Chud, G, and Fahlman R. 1995. Honouring Diversity within Child Care and Early Education: An Instructor's Guide. Vancouver, BC: Ministry of Skills, Training and Labour.

Comer JP, and Poussaint AF. 1992. Raising Black Children - Two leading psychiatrists confront the educational, social, and emotional problems facing Black children. New York, NY: Plume Books.

Dotsch, J. Non-Biased Children's Assessment Kit. Willowdale, ON: Bias-free Early Childhood Services.

Gonzalez-Mena, J. 1993. Multicultural Issues in Child Care. Toronto, ON: Mayfield Publishing Company.

Greey, M. 1994. Honouring Diversity: A Cross-Cultural Approach to Infant Development for Babies with Special Needs. Toronto, ON: Centennial Infant and Child Centre.

Hewes, J, Massing, C, Singh, L. 1995. Many Ways to Grow: Responding to Cultural Diversity in Early Childhood Settings. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Association for Young Children.

Houston, MW. 1995. Tell Me a Story (Then Tell It Again): Supporting literacy for preschool children from bilingual families. Interaction. Spring.

Keats DM. 1997. Culture and the Child: A Guide for Professionals in Child Care and Development. Toronto, ON: John Wiley and Sons.

Mallory, BL and New, RS, eds. 1994. Diversity and Developmentally Appropriate Practices: Challenges for Early Childhood Education. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Mangione PL. 1995. Infant/Toddler Caregiving: A Guide to Culturally Sensitive Care. Sacramento, CA: California Department of Education

Metropolitan Immigrant Settlement Association (MISA). Family Violence Awareness Training - Workshop Materials. Halifax, NS.

Waxler-Morrison N, Anderson J, and Richardson E. 1990. Cross-Cultural Caring: A Handbook for Health Professionals. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.

Westcoast Childcare Resource Centre. 2000. Towards Partnership: Multi-Language Resources for Families in Child Care.

Westcoast Multicultural and Diversity Services. 1998. Welcoming Newcomer Families in Child Care Programs: Resource Package. (Available in Chinese, English, Farsi, Khmer, Punjabi, Serbo-Croatian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese)

YWCA of Canada. 1999. Playing with Rainbows: A National Play Program for at-risk refugee children.

Sources of Additional Information and Support

Changing the Legacy: Trauma Survivors as Parents
St. Joseph's Women's Health Centre
30 The Queensway
Toronto, ON M6R 1B5
Tel: (416) 530-6850 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 530-6629

This project is a collaboration between the St. Joseph's Women's Health Centre and the YWCA of Greater Toronto. It is intended to address the multi-generational impacts of psychological trauma on high-risk families in the South Parkdale area of Toronto. Components of the three year project include outreach presentations and clear language materials in five languages; counselling for women survivors of trauma who are now parents; group and play-based interventions for children; and the production of a resource manual for service providers.

Immigrant and Visible Minority Women Against Abuse
P.O.Box 6704
Ottawa,ON K2A 0E0
Tel: (613) 729-3145 E-mail: [email protected]
Fax: (613)729-9308 Web-site: www.ivmwaa.ottawa.on.ca

Immigrant and Visible Minority Women Against Abuse (IVMWAA) is a community-based agency in the Ottawa-Carleton area. IVMWAA exists to empower immigrant and visible minority women in the Ottawa-Carleton region to participate in the elimination of all forms of abuse against women; and to provide a culturally responsive crisis intervention counselling service and a cultural interpretation service which will facilitate an abused woman's accessibility to community and mainstream services.

'I Thought it Would be Better by Now': Parenting After Violence
St. Joseph's Women's Health Centre
30 The Queensway
Toronto, ON M6R 1B5
Tel: (416) 530-6850 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (416) 530-6629

This project assists women and children in the high risk and diverse community of Parkdale, Toronto, who live with the impact of domestic violence and are grappling with the aftermath of this in their relationships with each other. This project addresses the unique concerns of the multi-racial, multi-ethnic communities of Parkdale and is developing a grassroots, community-based, preventative intervention into the cycle of abuse in families.

Multilanguage Services
Calgary Public Library
616 MacLeod Trail SE
Calgary, AB T2G 2M2
Tel: (403) 260-2694
Fax: (403) 237-5393

Westcoast Multicultural and Diversity Services (WMDS)
3rd Floor, 210 West Broadway
Vancouver, BC V5Y 3W2
Tel: (604) 709-8366 Email: [email protected]
Fax: (604) 709-5622 Web-site: www.wstcoast.org

WMDS provides resources, information and training to promote multicultural, anti-racist and anti-bias child-care programs. The goal of WMDS is to assist young children, their families and their caregivers to actively value diversity and human rights, and to oppose bias and discrimination based on: ability, age, class, race, gender, language, appearance, culture, sexual orientation, family grouping, spirituality/religion, and newcomer status. WMDS offers a range of services within Vancouver and throughout British Columbia.

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